Mount Merbabu is a Strato-type volcano (see Volcano) which is geographically located at 7.5° South Latitude and 110.4° East Longitude. Administratively, this mountain is located in Magelang Regency on the west slope and Boyolali Regency on the east and south slopes, Semarang Regency on the north slope, Central Java Province.
Mount Merbabu is known through pre-Islamic texts as Mount Damalung or Mount Pam(a)rihan. On the slopes there was once a famous hermitage and was visited by Bujangga Manik in the 15th century. According to etymology, "merbabu" comes from the combination of the words "meru" (mountain) and "abu" (ash). This name only appeared in Dutch records.
This mountain had erupted in 1560 and 1797. It was also reported that in 1570 it had erupted, but confirmation and further research has not been done. The peak of Mount Merbabu is at an altitude of 3,145 meters above sea level.
Mount Merbabu has an area of Bukit Dipterocarp Forest, Upper Dipterocarp Forest, Montane Forest, and Ericaceous forest or mountain forest.