The Iguazu National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Iguazu) is a national park of Argentina, located in the Department of Iguazu, in the northern province of Misiones, Argentine Mesopotamia. It has an area of 677 km 2 (261 sq mi).
The park area was inhabited 10,000 years ago by the hunter-gatherer Eldoradense culture. They were moved around 1000 AD by the Guaraní, who brought new agricultural technology, and were alternately displaced by Spanish and Portuguese conquistadores in the 16th century, although their legacy still lives on in this area (the name of the park and river is Guaraní y guasu, "big water". "). The first Europeans to visit this zone were lvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, in 1542; The Jesuit mission followed in 1609.
The park was created in 1934 to protect one of Argentina's greatest natural beauties, the Iguazu Falls , which is surrounded by subtropical forest.
The Iguazu National Reserve is defined by law 18,801 October 7, 1970 as constituting the western part of Iguazu National Park. Although national parks preserve nature with minimal changes, these reserves accept human activities and infrastructure. The creation of the reserve allowed the construction of an international airport and the transfer of land for three tourist hotels. Across the Iguazu River is its Brazilian counterpart (Iguaçu National Park). Both sites were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, 1984.
The park will form part of the proposed Trinational Biodiversity Corridor, which aims to provide forest links between conservation units in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina in the Upper Paraná ecoregion. The southeastern part of the park borders the 84,000-hectare (210,000-hectare) Uruguaya-í Provincial Park, which was created in 1990